Watercolour mediums are used to modify the properties of watercolour paint, such as its transparency, viscosity, and drying time. These mediums can be mixed with watercolour paint to create different effects and textures, and they can also be used on their own to create unique works of art.
Some common watercolour mediums include:
- Water: Water is the primary medium used in watercolour painting. It is used to thin the paint, create washes, and blend colours.
- Gouache: Gouache is a watercolour medium that contains more pigment than traditional watercolours, giving it a more opaque and vibrant finish.
- Masking fluid: Masking fluid is a liquid that is used to mask off areas of the painting that the artist wants to protect from the watercolour paint. Once the paint has dried, the masking fluid can be rubbed off, revealing the protected area.
- Gum arabic: Gum arabic is a binder that is added to watercolour paint to make it more adhesive and prevent it from flaking or cracking.
- Texture mediums: Texture mediums are added to watercolour paint to create texture and depth in the painting. Examples include granulating medium, which creates a grainy effect, and salt, which creates a speckled effect.
Overall, watercolour mediums are essential tools for watercolour artists to create unique and expressive works of art.